Configured ligature wire for quick conventional and overtie lingual archwire ligations
CONCEPT BEHIND CONFIGURED LIGATURE
Configured ligature wire is aimed at easy engagement of bracket hook, followed by radial spanning toward mesial and distal edges of the bracket entrapping the archwire for uninterrupted ligation.
The same configured ligature could be used for both purposes, namely, the traditional/convention ligation on premolar brackets to permit sliding and overtie ligation on anteriors for torque control.
DESIGN AND FABRICATION STEPS
Configured ligature requires a ligature forming plier [Figure 1].
Fabrication step 1: Cut a 2-inch length of ligature wire from the ligature spool [Figure 2]
Fabrication step 2: Using a ligature forming plier, derive a flat configuration with a pointed apex which essentially is the silhouette of the plier beaks [Figure 3a and b]
Fabrication step 3: Push the free ends of the ligature wire upward and backward close to plier hinge axis raising a 5 mm pointed apex perpendicular to the free end arms [Figure 4a and b]
Fabrication step 4: Grasp the middle of the pointed apex with a Mathews and bend the closed end of the apex backward to parallel the free end arms. Configured ligature wire is now ready [Figure 5].
METHOD OF LIGATION
Conventional ligation starts at the gingival hook above the wire, and overtie ligation starts at the occlusal hook below the wire.
Ligation step 1: Engage the gingival hook for conventional ligation and occlusal hook for double overtie ligation [Figures 6a and b]
Ligation step 2: Entrap the archwire. Pull the free end arms with Mathews oculofacially. The engaged apex spans radially outward moving past the mesial and distal edges of the bracket to entrap the archwire [Figure 7a and b]
Ligation step 3: Complete the ligation. Twist continuously the free end arms to finally engage the upper hook of the bracket. Place the pigtail toward the side with greater activation [Figure 8a and b].
CONFIGURED LIGATURE ADVANTAGES
This approach saves ligation time in lingual patients.
It can be used for conventional as well as double overtie ligations.
This provides easy initial engagement of bracket hook with direct and indirect vision.
Directing the pigtail toward intended active side secures archwire ligation.
Radially outward spanning of the apex of the ligature wire pushes archwire into the bracket slot.
This approach eases and encourages clinicians to use more of ligature wire than elastic modules, thus promotes
Better oral hygiene maintenance
Enduring ligation, eliminating need of elastomeric overtie replacements during periods of en masse retraction.