Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Filter by Categories
Book Review
Case Report
Case Series
Clinical Article
Clinical Innovation
Clinical Pearl
Clinical Pearls
Clinical Showcase
Clinical Technique
Critical Review
Expert Corner
Experts Corner
Featured Case Report
Guest Editorial
Original Article
Original Research
Review Article
Special Article
Special Feature
Systematic Review
The Experts Corner
View/Download PDF

Translate this page into:

Clinical Pearl
7 (
); 108-110

Configured ligature wire for quick conventional and overtie lingual archwire ligations

Clinician and Consultant in Orthodontics, V-care Dental Clinic, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Address for Correspondence: Dr. Priyaranjan Chakravorty B, #378, 1st “F” Cross, 6th Block, 2nd Phase, Banashankari 3rd Stage, Bengaluru - 560 085, Karnataka, India. E-mail:
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 3.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher; therefore Scientific Scholar has no control over the quality or content of this article.

How to cite this article: Chakravorty BP. Configured ligature wire for quick conventional and overtie lingual archwire ligations. APOS Trends Orthod 2017;7:108-10.


Ligation of archwire to lingual bracket is a tedious and time-consuming process. Any excessive clinical working time on a lingually treated patient has a direct bearing on pain and discomfort experienced due to prolonged mouth opening. An aid to quick and efficient ligation is described below.


Conventional ligation
overtie ligation


Configured ligature wire is aimed at easy engagement of bracket hook, followed by radial spanning toward mesial and distal edges of the bracket entrapping the archwire for uninterrupted ligation.

The same configured ligature could be used for both purposes, namely, the traditional/convention ligation on premolar brackets to permit sliding and overtie ligation on anteriors for torque control.


Configured ligature requires a ligature forming plier [Figure 1].

Figure 1: Ligature forming plier
  1. Fabrication step 1: Cut a 2-inch length of ligature wire from the ligature spool [Figure 2]

    Figure 2: Fabrication step 1

  2. Fabrication step 2: Using a ligature forming plier, derive a flat configuration with a pointed apex which essentially is the silhouette of the plier beaks [Figure 3a and b]

    Figure 3: (a and b) Fabrication step 2

  3. Fabrication step 3: Push the free ends of the ligature wire upward and backward close to plier hinge axis raising a 5 mm pointed apex perpendicular to the free end arms [Figure 4a and b]

    Figure 4: (a and b) Fabrication step 3

  4. Fabrication step 4: Grasp the middle of the pointed apex with a Mathews and bend the closed end of the apex backward to parallel the free end arms. Configured ligature wire is now ready [Figure 5].

    Figure 5: Fabrication step 4


Conventional ligation starts at the gingival hook above the wire, and overtie ligation starts at the occlusal hook below the wire.

  1. Ligation step 1: Engage the gingival hook for conventional ligation and occlusal hook for double overtie ligation [Figures 6a and b]

    Figure 6: (a) Conventional ligation - engage gingival hook. (b) Double overtie – engage occlusal hook

  2. Ligation step 2: Entrap the archwire. Pull the free end arms with Mathews oculofacially. The engaged apex spans radially outward moving past the mesial and distal edges of the bracket to entrap the archwire [Figure 7a and b]

    Figure 7: (a) Conventional ligation - entrap archwire. (b) Double overtie – entrap archwire

  3. Ligation step 3: Complete the ligation. Twist continuously the free end arms to finally engage the upper hook of the bracket. Place the pigtail toward the side with greater activation [Figure 8a and b].

    Figure 8: (a) Conventional ligation - complete the ligation. (b) Double overtie – complete the ligation


  1. This approach saves ligation time in lingual patients.

  2. It can be used for conventional as well as double overtie ligations.

  3. This provides easy initial engagement of bracket hook with direct and indirect vision.

  4. Directing the pigtail toward intended active side secures archwire ligation.

  5. Radially outward spanning of the apex of the ligature wire pushes archwire into the bracket slot.

  6. This approach eases and encourages clinicians to use more of ligature wire than elastic modules, thus promotes

    1. Better oral hygiene maintenance

    2. Enduring ligation, eliminating need of elastomeric overtie replacements during periods of en masse retraction.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

Show Sections